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Sealand has a national anthem, which was even recorded by the Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra. Located in international waters and technically outside of the control of Britain, or any other nation, the country straddles a line between eccentric experiment and legal entity of uncertain definition. Roughs Tower was occupied in February and August 1965 by Jack Moore and his daughter Jane, squatting on behalf of the pirate station Wonderful Radio London. Roy Bates relented after several weeks of negotiations and subsequently claimed that the diplomat's visit constituted de facto recognition of Sealand by Germany. Principality of Sealand Located in international waters, on the military fortress of Roughs Tower, Sealand is the smallest country in the world. They were even reported to have sold 4,000 fake Sealandic passports to Hong Kong citizens for an estimated $1,000 each. Blackburn has represented Sealand at a number of local sporting events, including marathons and off-trail races. [61][non-primary source needed] Royal was subsequently awarded a Sealand Knighthood by Prince Michael.[62]. Since 1967, the decommissioned Roughs Tower has been occupied and claimed as a sovereign state by the family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates. Miller, Marjorie, & Boudreaux, Richard. The Principality of Sealand is a very isolated nation and generally does not issue tourist visas. [25][26][27] Michael Bates lives in Suffolk,[28] where he and his sons run a family fishing business called Fruits of the Sea. [51][52][53], In 2009, Sealand announced the revival of the Sealand Football Association and their intention to compete in a future Viva World Cup. This is approximately 7 nautical miles (13 km) from the coast of Suffolk, outside the then 3 nmi (6 km) claim of the United Kingdom and, therefore, in international waters. The country‘s national motto is E Mare, Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom), reflecting its enduring struggle for liberty through the years. Upon the declaration of independence, the founding Bates family raised the Sealand flag, pledging freedom and justice to all that lived under it. They have no territorial sea of their own, and their presence does not affect the delimitation of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf. Andrew H. E. Lyon argues for the recognition of the Principality of Sealand as a nation proper. Scottish author Neil Forsyth was appointed as President of the Association. It consisted of a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs (also known as Roughs Tower), an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the coast of Suffolk, as its territory. Sealand is the home of Roughs Tower, which was used as a gun platform by the British in World War II. [45], Sealand is not recognised by any major international sporting body, and its population is insufficient to maintain a team composed entirely of Sealanders in any team sport. [16], In 2015, Michael Bates asserted that Sealand's population is "normally like two people". [36][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] In this role, he apparently serves as Sealand's acting "Head of State" and also its "Head of Government". Open any book or Web page on micronations, and you’re likely to see its unmistakable silhouette: a two-legged marine platform. Royal visited the platform before the swim, getting his passport stamped. These athletes take part in various sports, such as curling, mini-golf, football, fencing, ultimate, table football and athletics, although all its teams compete out of the country. He was succeeded by his son Michael as regent of Sealand. He is also quite annoying, with his "I'm relevant" and "Recognize me" stuff, and it's often harassed by the UK because they want it back as Sealand's in t… The Principality of Sealand, standing on two massive pillars in the roiling waters of the North Sea, was declared a sovereign nation by Michael’s father, Roy Bates, in 1967. [10][non-primary source needed][conflicted source], In August 1978, Alexander Achenbach, who describes himself as the Prime Minister of Sealand, hired several German and Dutch mercenaries to lead an attack on Sealand while Bates and his wife were in England. Informations about the Amber Room, the Treasure of the German Reichspost and other missing cultural goods from World War2. [59], In August 2018 competitive swimmer Richard Royal became the first person to swim the 12 km (7.5 mi) from Sealand to the mainland, finishing in 3 hrs 29 mins. There they are stopped. It allows you to create your own identity. [17], On the afternoon of 23 June 2006, the top platform of the Roughs Tower caught fire due to an electrical fault. Show your support for Sealand independence for the years to come, by registering for a Noble Title and becoming a Lord or a Lady. They create a principality, and so, Sealand is born. The Sovereign of the Principality of Sealand H. H. Prince Roy of Sealand has proclaimed in 1975 a fundamental law to his state. The Harwich lifeboat stood by the Roughs Tower until a local fire tug extinguished the fire. [31], While Sealand has been described as the world's smallest country,[32][33] Sealand is not officially recognised by any established sovereign state in spite of Sealand's government's claim that it has been de facto recognised by the United Kingdom[10][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] and Germany. Prince Michael, who lives in Suffolk, was kind enough to spend some time speaking to me. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs (also known as Roughs Tower), an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the coast of Suffolk, as its territory. They came 11th at UK nationals in 2010. They have no territorial sea of their own, and their presence does not affect the delimitation of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf. Sealand. But this Sealand ID card could be just the solution you need: your back up to leave. It's a classic case of the underdog kicking against authority and winning; a heartwarming narrative of battling the odds that's grounded in good old- fashioned British eccentricity. He is also kind of brave, as he fended off the attack on him made by Achenbach, and is willing to do the same to other invaders. [57][58], In 2015, the runner Simon Messenger ran a half-marathon on Sealand as part of his "round the world in 80 runs" challenge. [8] But as the court ruled that the platform (which Bates was now calling "Sealand") was outside British territorial limits, being beyond the then 3-nautical-mile (6 km) limit of the country's waters, the case could not proceed. © Copyright 2012 - 2021 Principality of Sealand. [46] The Sealand National Football Association is an associate member of the Nouvelle Fédération-Board, a football sanctioning body for non-recognised states and states not members of FIFA. The Principality of Sealand, standing on two massive pillars in the roiling waters of the North Sea, was declared a sovereign nation by Michael’s father, Roy Bates, in 1967. Located 12km east of Suffolk in the North Sea, the Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims to be the world’s smallest country. source. Currently, Sealand is not officially recognized by any established sovereign state. Paddy Roy Bates passed away in 2012, at which point his son, Michael, became Prince of Sealand. In 2004 the national team played its first international game against Åland Islands national football team, drawing 2–2. [29] Joan Bates, Roy Bates's wife, died in an Essex nursing home at the age of 86 on 10 March 2016. It administers the Sealand national football team. "[35], Sealand's claim to be an independent sovereign state is based on an interpretation of a 1968 decision of an English court, in which it was held that Roughs Tower was in international waters and thus outside the jurisdiction of the domestic courts. [41] Sealand's motto is E Mare Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom). "Note: Sealand – The Next New Haven?". The Principality of Sealand July 23, 2010 Dan Lewis Uncategorized 0 During World War II, the English Channel and North Sea were, understandably, thoroughfares of war. Roy Bates styled himself as "Prince Roy" and his wife "Princess Joan". Roughs Tower is a disused Maunsell Sea Fort, originally called HM Fort Roughs, built as an anti … [56], On 22 May 2013, the mountaineer Kenton Cool placed a Sealand flag at the summit of Mount Everest. The fort was towed to a position above Rough Sands sandbar where its base was intentionally flooded so that it sank to a resting place on the sandbar. It comprised a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. Sealand has been involved in several commercial operations, including the issuing of coins and postage stamps and the establishment of an offshore Internet hosting facility, or "data haven". In 1943, during World War II, HM Fort Roughs (sometimes called Roughs Tower) was constructed by the United Kingdom as one of the Maunsell Forts,[3] primarily to defend the vital shipping lanes in nearby estuaries against Nazi Kriegsmarine mine-laying aircraft. During its life, Sealand saw pirate radios, attacks, diplomatic problems and more. [9], In 1975, Bates introduced a constitution for Sealand, followed by a national flag, a national anthem, a currency and passports. Coins and postage stamps of the Sealand dollar, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, "Information on the Principality of Sealand including Bates Family, GDP, Constitution", "Sealand: A peculiar 'nation' off England's coast", https://www.heritagedaily.com/2020/05/the-maunsell-sea-forts/122564, "Radio: British Commercial Broadcasters Are at Sea; Illegal Programs Are Beamed From Ships", "Radio Essex" and "Britains Better Music Station", "Regina v. Paddy Roy Bates and Michael Roy Bates", "WELCOME TO SEALAND: The utterly bizarre independent micronation that's been sitting off the British coast for over 50 years", "Money Laundering: Global fraudsters use sea fortress as passport to", https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20150414-i-rule-my-own-ocean-micronation, "Technology: How The Pirate Bay sailed into infamy", "Self-declared prince of sovereign principality of Sealand dies aged 91", "Roy Bates, Bigger-Than-Life Founder of a Micronation, Dies at 91", "RIP Paddy Roy Bates, the Prince of Sealand", "Sealand's Prince Michael on the future of an off-shore 'outpost of liberty, "Tiny principality of Sealand swamped by passport applications after Brexit and Trump wins", "Skateboarding the World's Smallest Country: Red Bull All Access", "JOURNEYS – THE SPIRIT OF DISCOVERY: Simon Sellars braves wind and waves to visit the unlikely North Sea nation of Sealand", "The Pint-Size Nation off the English Coast", "Article 60: Artificial islands, installations and structures in the exclusive economic zone", "The Principality of Sealand – Become a Lord, Lady, Baron or Baroness", "The Principality of Sealand statutory notices", Council of the European Union – Schengen Visa Working Party – Table of travel documents, "Stop signs on the web; The battle between freedom and regulation on the Internet", "Death of a data haven: cypherpunks, WikiLeaks, and the world's smallest nation", "The World's Most Notorious Micronation Has the Secret to Protecting Your Data From the NSA", "Homepage of the Sealand National Football Team", "IBWM Fantasy football micronation style", "Principality Notice PN 025/04: International Sporting Activities update", "Bill 50: Electric Statutes Amendment Act, 2009", "Skateboarder erobern Seefestung vor der englischen Küste", "Principality of Sealand to have National Football Team", "Ralf Little gets an international cap for Sealand", "The bizarre history of Sealand, the independent micronation on a platform off the English coast", "How I ran a half marathon on Sealand, the fortress 'nation' in the middle of the sea", "My certificate has arrived from the World Open Water Swimming Association recognising my @SealandGov @AspireCharity swim. "A Nation for Friend and Faux". Jump to navigation Jump to search. Sealand was invaded by mercenaries in 1978, but was able to repel the attack. The only question is who or then want to acknowledge this new identity. While Sealand has been described as the world's smallest country, it sits within British territorial waters and is not officially recognised by any established sovereign state. Slapper, Gary. You can now only obtain identity cards. [10][conflicted source] This was due to the realisation that an international money laundering ring had appeared, using the sale of fake Sealand passports to finance drug trafficking and money laundering from Russia and Iraq. [30], Michael Bates stated in late 2016 that Sealand was receiving hundreds of applications for passports every day. Located in international waters, on the military fortress of Roughs Tower, Sealand is the smallest country in the world. [38][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaux, the role of an appointed, advisory senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated "Sealand Guard", the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation 12 km or 7miles off the coast of England. We discussed the legal status of the country, and his plans for the future of it. Literally. Even though a man named Michael Bates says Sealand is a country, no other country has supported this claim. Michael was able to retake Sealand and capture Achenbach and the mercenaries using weapons stashed on the platform. Despite being just a sea fort, he thinks of himself as a legitimate country. A military fort in international waters (not any more) becomes the home (?) [19], In January 2007, The Pirate Bay, an online index of digital content of entertainment media and software founded by the Swedish think tank Piratbyrån, attempted to purchase Sealand after harsher copyright measures in Sweden forced them to look for a base of operations elsewhere. It has been occupied and claimed as a sovereign state by the family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates since 1967. See shop, Sealand was founded as a sovereign Principality in 1967 in international waters, seven miles off the eastern shores of Britain. [3] The facility was occupied by 150–300 Royal Navy personnel throughout World War II; the last full-time personnel left in 1956. Complaints disfavoring Sealand¿s statehood claims … The team included actor Ralf Little and former Bolton Wanderers defender Simon Charlton. It appears on Sealandic items – such as stamps, passports and coins – and is the title of the Sealandic anthem. [47], Sealand claims that its first official athlete was Darren Blackburn of Oakville, Ontario, Canada, who was appointed in 2003. Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as if it were a recognised sovereign entity and they are its hereditary royal rulers. [37], At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland in 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates's son James. and was held unless he paid DM 75,000 (more than US$35,000 or £23,000). The Principality of Sealand is a textbook example. I am fortunate to be associated with the Extreme Travel International Congress.ETIC over many months negotiated with the Royal family and our group was granted the privilege of visiting the Principality. Oceans '' citizens for an estimated $ 1,000 each next new Haven? `` Bates... 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