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Under Khrushchev, Voroshilov behaved badly."[24]. [7] Frunze's political position adhered to that of the Troika (Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Stalin), but Stalin preferred to have a close, personal ally in charge (as opposed to Frunze, a "Zinovievite"). The political representative of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the Soviet Army. He was well known for aiding Joseph Stalin in the Revolutionary Military Council, having become closely associated with Stalin during the Red Army's 1918 defense of Tsaritsyn, and one of the Cavalry Army clique. In 1935, Voroshilov was named a Marshal of the Soviet Union. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Voroshilov became a member of the Ukrainian Council of People's Commissars and Commissar for Internal Affairs along with Vasiliy Averin. Voroshilov was awarded a second medal of Hero of the Soviet Union 1968. In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar (Russian: комиссар; komissar) existed, by name, only during the 1918–24, 1937–40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. The political commissar (also politruk Russian: политрук from политический руководитель: political officer) is the supervisory political officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization, and loyalty to the government of the military. ", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rey0PNEsNZw, http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/45/794/10169.pdf, http://www.as-add.de/Dosya/tarih/cumhuriyet/469-InonuC2.html, Collection of Soviet songs about Klim Voroshilov, Newspaper clippings about Kliment Voroshilov, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, 20th Presidium of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 19th Presidium of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 18th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), 17th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), 16th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), 15th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), 14th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kliment_Voroshilov&oldid=1000628702, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party members, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union members, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union) members, First convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Second convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Third convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Fourth convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Fifth convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Sixth convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Seventh convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner, Recipients of the Order of Suvorov, 1st class, First convocation members of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Second convocation members of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Third convocation members of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Fourth convocation members of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Order of the Red Banner of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (17 February 1930), Order of the Red Banner of the Tajik SSR (№ 148 – 14 January 1933), Order of the Red Banner ZSFSR (25 February 1933), Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic (29 May 1957), This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 23:57. Political commissars began to be appointed at the higher levels of the army in 1918 and at units smaller than a battalion (where they were called politruky) at the end of 1919. Following Stalin's death in 1953, Voroshilov was appointed Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. While both serving on the Tsaritsyn Front in 1918, where Ekaterina was helping orphans, they adopted a four-year-old orphan boy who they named Petya. The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3728 stamp (World War II Hero Political Commissar Nikolay Filchenkov).jpg 740 × 1,012; 137 KB Пропуск-предложение немецких сил к русским перейти на сторону немецкой армии в состав РОА.jpg 620 × 450; 80 KB The political commissar was head of a party cell within the military; however, military membership in the party has been restricted to the lower ranks since the 1980s. In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar existed, by name, only during 1918–1924, 1937-40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. Born to a Russian worker's family in modern Ukraine, Voroshilov took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917 as an early member of the Bolsheviks. These events derived from the political purges that began in the Soviet armed forces. The commissar had an influential role as a "second commander" within the military units during this time. [12], When territorial units were abolished Voroshilov noted that among the reasons for disbanding them was inability to train conscripts in the use of modern technology. Voroshilov was active as a commander of the Southern Front during the Russian Civil War and the Polish–Soviet War while with the 1st Cavalry Army. It also affected their relationship. [11] One of these reforms was a reorganization of Red Army field units which accidentally moved Red Army organization to a far less advanced state than it had been in 1936. On 10 May 1937 the political commissar was re-instated to the Red Army, and Military Councils were created. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative tasks such as public relations and counseling, and mainly serves as second-in-command. info), Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov; Ukrainian: Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Okhrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Russian: Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881[1] – 2 December 1969), was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era. [19] Stalin had a political need for popular wartime leaders, however, and Voroshilov remained as an important figurehead. In a 1982 journal article In 1919, the title politruk (Russian: политрук, from политический руководитель, political leader) was assigned to political officers at company level, despite being official political commissars, they were not addressed as "commissar". [13], Between 1945 and 1947, Voroshilov supervised the establishment of the socialist republic in postwar Hungary. Brown, Stephen. The political commissar held military rank equaling that of the unit commander to whom he was attached; moreover, the commissar also had the military authority to countermand the unit … ... Also called: political commissar an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education, esp in a military unit. His job was to ensure that the regular soldiers and officers followed the orders of the Party leadership in Moscow, basically a tool for the Communist Party to limit the military's independence (the NKVD having similar oversight of the Party and Military). And he was personally devoted to Stalin. In the event, after the October Revolution, the political commissar remained in the Red Army until 1942. The actual Soviet Political Officer is a stock character in fictional portrayals of the Soviet-German War and Cold War era. At least at private ones. [15] Voroshilov was nonetheless made the scapegoat for the initial failures in Finland. Stalin frowned. In 1926, he became a full member of the Politburo. [citation needed] Voroshilov followed this retort by smashing a platter of roast suckling pig on the table. Commissar (or sometimes Kommissar) is an English transliteration of the Russian комиссáр (komissar), which means "commissary". [16] Translations He was one of the original five Marshals of the Soviet Union, the highest military rank of the Soviet Union, and served as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the nominal Soviet head of state, from 1953 to 1960. In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar existed, by name, only during 1918–1924, 1937–40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. [11] Marshal Budyonny tried to recruit him to his cause of protecting the status of cavalry in the Red Army but Voroshilov openly declared his intention to do the opposite. They had no direct influence on combat decisions as had the political commissar in the Soviet Army. As Political Commissar serving co-equally with Stalin, Voroshilov was responsible for the morale of the 1st Cavalry Army, which was composed chiefly of peasants from southern Russia.[5][6]. The Commissar Order (German : Kommissarbefehl) was a written order given by the German High Command (OKW) on 6 June 1941, prior to the beginning of Operation Barbarossa (German invasion of the Soviet Union). Secret Origin of Political Commissar N ame: Raisa Ogorodnikova Rank: KGB Captain, Political Commissar ... Its intention was simple, the creation of the first generation of soviet superheroes. Below army level, the edinonachalie (single command) system was restored. политрук, from политический руководитель, political leader, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Apparat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, http://books.google.com/books?id=_5R2fnVZXiwC&pg=PA195&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=AW9yrtekFRkC&pg=PA302&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=YoB35f6HD9gC&pg=PA181&dq=sun+li+jen+americans+chiang#v=onepage&q=sun%20li%20jen%20americans%20chiang&f=false, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Political_commissar?oldid=5304562. 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